Shoulder Pain

What causes shoulder pain?

Shoulder pain can be caused by damage or inflammation to the joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and nerves. Common shoulder injuries include

  • Tendinitis
  • Muscle tear
  • Tendon tear
  • Labral tear
  • Ligament sprain
  • Fracture

The shoulder is made up of 3 bones: the humerus, scapula, and clavicle. Each bone has a special role in controlling hand and arm movement. The clavicle also known as the collar bone is the only bony connection between the arm and the rest of the body. Another important part is the shoulder blade or scapula. It has a triangle shape that creates leverage to raise the hand overhead. Inside the cup of the shoulder blade is a shallow cartilage rim called the labrum which helps with mobility and stability of the shoulder.

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